Coffee status in Y2k - 1 minute read
By the dawn of the 19th century, the Dutch had started coffee colonies in Sumatra and regions of Java and Amsterdam was considered the coffee capital of the world. Sri Lanka and India were funded by London in millions until the Hemilia vastatrix (is a fungus, also known as "Leaf Rust") changed the source of coffee supply around the world.
Brazil and Columbia by the early 19th century dominated the world's coffee supply and a position they still hold today. The Andes mountain ranges provided the perfect slopes where Fincas sprouted up as a result of coffee growing. The slopes posed a huge challenge in terms of transportation and use of machinery! Hence, all work was done by manual labor. By 1870, coffee had reached Mexico and started exporting significant quantity along with their counterparts.
Domesticated coffee was bought from Reunion, by christian missionaries to Africa. Even though coffee had grown wild in Africa for ages, most African countries did not start growing commercial coffee till then.
Fast forward year 2000...
Between 1960 to 1999 major international coffee agreements were formed and signed by over 15 nations in US, Latin America & Asia. These agreements contained intricate details on coffee export and coffee import, Crop regulation implementation, Price decline guarantee and the major scheme "Fair Trade Policy" for the farmers.
India was quick to realize the dominance of Latin American countries in the trade and in 1996 The Coffee Board of India pulled out from the I.C.A (International Coffee Association)